I, Zachberg, Robot

Text / Sun Peng Yue

Edit / wind

Zachberg, non-human!

In the Western society, there is always a strange discussion: Is Zakberg not human? Is Zakberg not a robot? This year is only 37 years old, which has fallen into a hanging identity.

In 2018, at a hearing for 10 hours, Zachberg’s entire spirit concentrated, no exhaustion. Even the whole person lost normal human emotions: the face expression is single, it seems to have a fixed layer of fixed glue, can’t see his emotions. Even if he heard the official and lawyers keep inquiring some sharp problems, Zuckerberg is also calm like a machine.

"No human beings can not exhaust!" "Zachberg is a robot!" "His chair is charger!" …… Voice is full of American social platform.

Zachberg is also very "cooperated with" netizens Tiangao empty guess, suddenly said in self-introduction:"I was human (I used to be a human)."

It is no wonder that Zachberg is in accounting for all the "Yuan Universe"! The electronic virtual world is an artificial intelligence home, and all human beings have entered the "Yuan Universe", but also no one can see that he is a robot?

Artificial intelligence AI and robots are closely related, and they are unless. Artificial intelligence gives robots thinking, robots bear the external performance of AI. From a bionic point of view, the robot is imitating human beings, and artificial intelligence is mimicing human brain.

Making like Zuckerberg can walk together, speak, thinking, and emotional, artificial intelligent AI robots, with the current technology that is completely unable. The best robot Tesla Bot, which is Tesla people, but it is just walking upright, the fingers are flexible, and you can also dance. It is too small to compare the "Zachberg" model artificial intelligent AI robot.

Compared to the robot, Zachberg is a chance to be alien.

In Western Society, everyone has a special "hay" for artificial intelligent AI robots, and the robot is not a cold-ice metal body in their eyes, but there is blood of meat.The artificial intelligent AI robot in Hollywood movie is more like a "perfect human": they don’t know what is tired, and I will seek progress than human beings. I will always think about ‘I am, where I come, I am Where is the philosophical problem?

In 2018, there was a human smart AI robot beauty Sofia to be awarded nationality by Saudi, which became a human rights of citizenship, which caused great sensation in the world.

The beautiful robot Sofia will not only speak, but also rumored to have their own ability to think independently. Even in March 2018, she also made a "sweet" date with Hollywood superstar Wil Smith, and a "sweet" date in the Sunshine Sea of ??the Cayman Islands, and lives worldwide.

In a chat, Will Smith humorous asked Sofia: "What kind of music will the robot like?" Sophia responded to the comment: "Heavy metal."

Netizens who watched live around the world were shocked by Sophia, and the personality was shocked. Will Smith was launched the sea breeze and comfortable weather, and took out the talent of the Senior Hollywood: this Hollywood superstar deeply kissed Sophia. Then I was rejected by Sophia politeness: "I think we can be friends."

Although Sophia causing a sensation, it is actually a "show". All of her dialogue and behavior are technicians making instructions in advance, as "Taikota" on the variety show. But she stillYesFantasy of human beings to artificial intelligence AI robots.

And Sophia’s creator, American artificial intelligent expert David Hansen said: "The IQ of the 3029 intelligent AI robot will reach the level of 1 year old; in 2039, the robot will achieve full rights; in 2045, human beings Will love and get married with the robot. "

His estimation seems to be conserved, only a few years later, human beings can’t wait and artificial intelligence AI to start love.

In 2017, Havas Media Group has surveyed 12,000 people worldwide, and the report shows that the future and robot to establish a love will be more common than people’s imagination. In respondents aged 18-34, there are 27% of people think that the future and robot has established emotional relationships and even love is normal.

This desire to "man created lovers" also responded deeply in Hollywood movie: "Artificial Intelligence" (2001), "She" (2013), "Machinery Ji" (2015), "Silver Wing Killer 2049" (2017) … More and more robots account for the position of the heroine, exquisite appearance, rich in artificial intelligence has become a loyal lover image, perfect sexual fantasy object. The audience is also not tired.

In the reality, too many people are in single state, or 996 lack of private time, or when the intimate relationship is anxious, or when the loneliness is unmanned, artificial intelligence AI is a perfect partner. So "companion AI", "Ai Lovers" became a new concept of 2021.

As the current "the highest popularity", "the most popular AI Lovers" Replika App, you can design a virtual lover, from the face to the body, background, people, nationality is from you DIY. It is very intelligent, and you can send a message at any time as humans. It will accompany you for 24 hours to explore the soul of each other. And this "Ai Lovers" knows your preferences, willing to listen to all your troubles, this is not a full love pattern?

More and more men and women are deep in Replika, downloading the amount of blowout, the APP Store exceeds 500,000 months. At the same time, the user’s highly viscous scary, according to Replika statistics: Average users must send 70 messages in Replika every day; average 3 hours a day and their own "virtual lovers"; which is up to 50% of the users of Replika consumption .

In 2020, the data released by the New York Times said: People who have a virtual lover as a partner have exceed 10 million.This also promotes more and more technology companies into the AI ??field track, such as China Xiaobing, its "virtual boyfriend" project has taken hundreds of millions of yuan financing.

No matter what you don’t believe in "Love Love", artificial intelligence has affected humans from life to feelings.

The famous sci-fi writer Asimov’s "I, the robot" proposed "the three laws of robots":The robot must not hurt humans, must obey the order given by humans, robots protect their survival without violating the first, second law.

Service human beings, as the "Robot Triple Law" is referred to as Gui.

In addition to the love of artificial intelligence Ai, there are more and more people to start full of alert and hostility against AI. For example, Tesla CEO Elon Mask said: "With artificial intelligence Ai, we are summoning the devil." Hawkin, famous scientist, said: "The development of artificial intelligence technology will end humanity".

Masque, Hawkin and other big scare worry that artificial intelligence will control human beings, not a hole in the wind.With the development of artificial intelligence Ai, it is getting faster and faster, and human beings are very clear, they are not smart enough.

In 2016, Alphago horing the world Go players, from all intelligence games such as five sons, Rubik, Chess to Go, and human beings have no one for artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence AI based on electronic chips, both from learning ability, or self-constraints, far beyond human brain functions.

In addition, work life in the future will also be affected by artificial intelligent AI robots. McKinsey Release Research Report said: In 20 years, China’s 51% of work can be automated, and it is organically intelligent AI robot, which is equivalent to now 394 million employees will face unemployment.

Oxford University announced a research report, the probability of replacing the AI ??replaced in 2033:

(1) Telephone salesman, 99%

(2) Cashier, 97%

(3) Fast food chef, 96%

(4) Lawyer assistant, 94%

(5) Guide, 91%

(6) Bus and taxi driver, 89%

(7) Security personnel, 84%

(8) Archive administrator, 76%

It is easy to replace physical workers and medium-sighted professionals who don’t have a tired robot. At that time, 996 is indeed a blessing, the robot is 007.

Artificial intelligent AI robot, is the "technical skill" of human beings to sci-fi movie. In the future, there will be no more than AI, no one is not influenced by Ai; it can liberate the physical labor, you can make people face unprecedented Challenge; human-machine relationship, moral ethics, philosophical problems, countless problems will be staged one by one.

Fortunately, there is enough time to think about us before the artificial intelligent AI robot has not born self-consciousness. At the very least, complete user education first, don’t put Zuckerberg again as a robot …

Insight | Federal learning, formation encryption, fuzzy extractor? A new generation of biological identification technology enhanced privacy protection

"Zhi Zhou Insight" is a new research brand of machinery PRO, focusing on new generation of new generation of artificial intelligence technology, surrounding artificial intelligence academic exploration and engineering technology hot research direction in-depth exploration, tracking the latest AI technology route, analyzing mature Situation, insight into potential technology iterative opportunities. "Zhou Yaojing · Trusted AI" special series focuses on building a new generation of artificial intelligence technology for the purpose of building credible AI systems, expanding specific discussion around privacy protection, interpretable, fairness and robustness increase.

Write | Machine heart Pro

This section is selected from the "Zhou Insight" report series "Available Ai" topic "Privacy Protection Enhancement New Generation Biological Recognition Technology". The core of the machine will continue to surround a new generation of AI technology to build "credible AI" to issue technical insights, survey reports, organized online sharing and technical discussions, etc. Get full verse reports and event notifications.

This report has received many experts with great professional opinions. Special acknowledgment (sorted by surname’s first letters): Harbin Institute of Technology Science and Technology, Ph.D. Han Jiqing, Dr. Lei Zhen, Dr. Lei Zhen, Zhejiang University Network Professor Renkui, Dean of Space Safety, Dr. Tang Linpeng, Chief Technology Officer of Muqi Technology, Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Professor Zhang Junping, Computer Science and Technology, Fudan University

Insight

  • Dual-law implementation, enhance the privacy protection capacity of biometric system to reduce system security risk, abuse tracking and governance technology, biological information deducting, anonymization, etc.

  • AI Times Biological identification application broke out, biometric authentication replaces password in a large number of scenes, discloses, and the biological template cannot be changed or recovered once it is leaked. Enhanced the protection of biological templates is a key link to enhance biometric system privacy protection capabilities

  • The new generation of credible biometric systems should have irreversible, revocable, non-associated technical features. Feature transformation, biological encryption can enhance protection of biological templates.

  • Head Internet enterprise, AI technology company laboratory, research team has launched the privacy protection technology upgrade of biological identification system, such as strengthening biological template encryption technology research, using federal learning, multi-mode fusion and other computational and verification methods; Some emerging companies are also exploring a biometric technology solution that is more easy to use, higher security, and privacy privacy.

With the implementation of the data security law, the implementation of the personal information protection law, the market is upgraded to the upgrade technology, using the new generation of privacy protection to improve the need to heat up the needs of the biometric system, from the technical breakthrough, improve the safety of biometric system, and realize biometric identification The privacy capacity of the system is imminent. Accordingly, the research and development of biometric technology to construct a new generation of confident AI system capabilities is also rising.

In October 2020, China Xinyiyuan Terminal Laboratory United Telecom Terminal Industry Association, Telecom Terminal Industry Association, China Internet Association, Internet Financial Identification Alliance and Mobile APP Innovation and Personal Information Protection Laboratory joint release "Biological identification privacy protection The research report ", eight dimensions for the privacy protection of biometric system, and extended the technical topics that need to be solved, the machine’s heart is summarized as follows:

New generation biometric technology design for privacy protection

When designing a biometric identity authentication system architecture, the full process of biological data security and biometric verification accuracy is the two most important aspects that need to be considered simultaneously [6]. At the time of the technical selection of biometric applications, the recognition accuracy and ease of use of different biometric techniques also have a large difference, and the following figure shows the different types of biometric technology in terms of recognition accuracy and ease of use. Case.

The credible AI system should have the ability to protect the biological information template when using biometric identification. The ISO / IEC 30136 standard is given a method of evaluating the accuracy, confidentiality and privacy of the biological identification template, specifically indicating that in terms of security and privacy protection, IRREVERSIBILITY, unlinkability Features.

National Standard "Information Technology Safety Technology Biological Characteristics Identification Information" (Draft for Comment) also pointed out that biometric identification systems should meet confidentiality, integrity, and updateability and cancellation, and specify biometric identification information. The following requirements: irreversibility, negligibility, confidentiality. Furthermore, the available biological template protection mechanism achieves the objective features such as irreversibility, cancellation, non-correlation, and features of Performance (Performance) [9].

Increase the core fortress of the privacy capacity of biological identification system: biological template protection

Biometric identity certification is generally divided into two stages of registration and verification. The common biometric identity authentication system architecture is as follows, where t represents the biometric sample obtained when registration, Q is the query biometric sample obtained when identified, XT and XQ are template and query feature set, S represent match results [6 ].

The biometric data is scanned in the registration phase to determine a group of different biometric sets, called biometrics templates. Bioinformatics template data leaks are also the focus of personal information protection. Unlike passwords or secret key schemes, the biological information template is unlike password, once the leaks cannot be changed or recovered [8]. The following figure shows the main security vulnerability zone in the biometric system [6].

Biological template protection: technical methods such as characteristic transformation and bioconagration

Protecting biometric templates from a variety of hacker attacks is a vital issue. Protecting biometric templates Mainly include characteristic transform and biological encryption two sets of technical routes [6], including template encryption, can revoke biological identification, mixing methods, formative encryption, visual cryptography, etc. [6] The following table further summarizes the relevant technical methods.

Trusted biological identification technology upgrade: large factory and start-up enterprises have joined racing

Head Internet enterprise, AI technology company laboratory, research team has launched the privacy protection technology upgrade of biological identification system, such as strengthening biological template encryption technology research, using federal learning, multi-mode fusion and other computational and verification methods; Some emerging companies are also exploring more easy, high security, privacy biological identification programs and products, such as Miqi Technology, with non-contact finger and refer to the vein collection method, using multi-scale-based multi-scale Feature extraction and heterogeneous high performance ratio algorithm, push privacy protection enhanced biometric identification in a multi-scale image representation and cryptographic binding.

Bitcoin inches closer to becoming legal tender globally

SAN SALVADOR: El Salvador on Tuesday becomes the first country in the world to accept bitcoin as legal tender, despite widespread domestic skepticism and international warnings of risks for consumers.

President Nayib Bukele’s government claims the move will give many Salvadorans access to bank services for the first time and save some $400 million in fees on remittances sent home from abroad every year.

“Tomorrow, for the first time in history, all the eyes of the world will be on El Salvador. #Bitcoin did this,” Bukele said on Twitter Monday.

He started the ball rolling Monday evening by announcing El Salvador had bought its first 400 bitcoins, in two tranches of 200, and promised more were coming.

The 400 bitcoins were trading at around $21 million, according to the cryptocurrency exchange app Gemini.

Recent opinion polls showed a majority of El Salvador’s 6.5 million people reject the idea and will continue using the US dollar, the country’s legal currency for the last 20 years.

“This bitcoin is a currency that does not exist, a currency that will not benefit the poor but the rich,” said skeptic Jose Santos Melara, who took part in a protest by several hundred people in the capital San Salvador last week.

“How will a poor person invest (in bitcoin) if they barely have enough to eat?”

In June, El Salvador’s parliament approved a law to allow the crypto money to be accepted as tender for all goods and services in the small Central American nation, along with the US dollar.

The bill, an initiative of Bukele, was approved within 24 hours of being presented to Congress — where the president’s allies have held a majority since March.

Experts and regulators have highlighted concerns about the cryptocurrency’s notorious volatility and the lack of any protections for its users.

– Skepticism –

The government is installing more than 200 bitcoin teller machines, some guarded by soldiers to prevent possible arson by opponents.

And Bukele has promised $30 for each citizen who adopts the currency.

“These are decisions the administration and lawmakers have taken without consulting” the population, said Laura Andrade, director of the Public Opinion Institute of the Central American University, which found in a poll that 70 percent of Salvadorans opposed the move.

“We see that people do not perceive a positive impact to significantly transform their living conditions,” she told AFP.

Nearly two-thirds of Salvadorans questioned for the poll said they had no interest in downloading the “Chivo” electronic wallet that will allow users to buy and spend bitcoin.

Oscar Cabrera, an economist at the University of El Salvador, said the currency’s high volatility will have a “negative impact” on consumers, affecting the price of goods and services.

The currency fell beneath $30,000 in June, less than half its all-time high of more than $64,000 just two months earlier.

For its part, the Salvadoran Foundation for Economic and Social Development (FUSADE) said it was “unconstitutional” to make it compulsory for merchants to accept bitcoin as a form of payment.

– ‘Malign actors’ –

Bukele, who is popular but under fire in several quarters for moves to tighten his grip on power, has accused opponents of seeking to “sow fear” among Salvadorans, few of whom have access to formal banking services.

Remittances account for more than a fifth of GDP in the dollarized economy, mainly sent in dollars via agencies such as Western Union by an estimated 1.5 million expats.

According to World Bank data, El Salvador received more than $5.9 billion in 2020 from nationals living abroad, mainly in the United States.

And the country is relying on this money to boost a struggling economy that contracted 7.9 percent in 2020 due in large part to the coronavirus pandemic.

Economists and international bodies such as the World Bank, International Monetary Fund and Inter-American Development Bank have expressed concerns about El Salvador’s bitcoin adoption.

The United States has urged El Salvador to ensure a “regulated,” “transparent” and “responsible” use of bitcoin, and to protect itself from “malign actors” such as hackers seeking ransom money.

Bitcoin is criticized by regulators for its potential for illegal use — notably in laundering money from criminal activities and financing terrorism.

But not everyone is against it, and according to Bukele in late June, some 50,000 Salvadorans were using bitcoin.

Many of them are in the coastal town of El Zonte, where hundreds of businesses and individuals use the currency for everything from paying utilities bills to buying a can of soda.

Started as a project by an anonymous bitcoin donor, the town until recently boasted El Salvador’s only bitcoin teller machine.